SABİT YILDIZLAR VE GÖZ PROBLEMLERİ

Astrolog Sayın Diana K.Rosenberg in yazısından izniyle bir alıntı yapılmıştır.Göz problemleri ve Sabit Yıldızlar arasındaki bağlantılar anlatılmaktadır.Yazı yazarın izni alınmadan başka bir ortamda kullanılamaz..

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”LILLY:

“The Sun or Moon in the Milky way or in Via Lactea; which in the North part is from the 21 of Gemini to the first of Cancer; and in the South part is from the seventh to the 17. thereof; and againe, from the 22.of Sagittarius to the fift of Capricorn; or with Cloudy (or cum Nebulosis Stellis) viz. the Pleiades about the 24.of Taurus (now 29); Presepe in 2.13 of Leo (now 7), Coma Berenices in 16. Virgo (?-nearest is Gamma Coma, 23.6), Cor Scorpii 4.27 Sagittarii (9.5 Sag), Oculus Sagittarii in 4. Capricorni (now 8), and others in the streame or wave of Aquarii (Sigma, Psi1,2,3 & Omega1,2 Aqr-about 5-20 Pisces); its commonly found true, that any Native, having the lights so posited neer or with these fixed Stars, shall not dye before he suffer some de­fect, or hurt in his Eyes; and this blemish shall be inseparable if the Luminarie who declares it is Angular…

Either if (of?) the lights in the Milkie way with Nebulous Starres, and either in conjunction, square, or opposition of either of the Infortunes, portend blindnesse, if both lights are afflicted; the right eye onely if Sun be so posited, the left if the Moon; if Saturn afflict, the blindnesse will proceed from some Catarrh (cold or influenza); if Mars, by a blow or some sudden chance: the Moon in opposition with the Sun, she with cloudy fixed Stars (nebulae), threatens hurt to the Eyes: Sun in conjunction with Mars in the eight, and the Moon in opposition to Saturn, she in a humain Sign, threatens blindnesse and much sicknesse: Moon with the girdle of Orion under the Sun beames, the Native will at least be blinde of one Eye. Sun and Moon in opposition out of Angles, free from other misfortune, usually denotes Purblinde people or squint-eyed. So also when both Sun and Moon are with Nebulous fixd Stars.”

-William Lilly, Christian Astrology (1647), p 581

PTOLEMY:

…blindness in one eye is brought about when the Moon by itself is upon the aforesaid angles [Asc, Dsc] or is in conjunction [New Moon] or is full and when it is in another aspect that bears a relation to the Sun, but applies to one of the star clusters in the zodiac, as for example to the cluster in Cancer (Praesaepe, M44), the Pleiades of Taurus, the arrow point of Sagittarius (gamma), to the sting of Scorpio, to the parts of Leo around the Coma Berenices, or to the pitcher of Aquarius: & whenever Mars or Saturn moves toward the Moon, when it is angular and waning and they are rising, or again when they ascend before the Sun, being themselves angular.

But if they are in aspect with both luminaries at once, either in the same sign or in opposition.. .morning stars with respect to the Sun and evening stars to the Moon, they will affect both eyes; for Mars brings about blindness from a blow, a thrust, iron, or burning; when he has Mercury in aspect, in palaestras and gymnasiums or by felonious attack. Saturn causes it by suffusion, cold, glaucoma, and the like…

MANILIUS:

…if you examine all the signs…you will find some bereft of limbs that are lost. The Scorpion expends its arms on the Scales, the Bull sinks lame with leg doubled under it, the Crab lacks eyes, whilst of the Centaur’s (Sagittarius) one survives and one is missing…when that part of the Crab rises which is dimmed by a sombre cloud (Praesaepe) where his own fire fails, as though burnt out by the Sun’s, and darkens the signs with impenetrable fog, the sight of those born then will fail, and fate will condemn them to death twice over: each one buries himself while still alive.

AL-BIRUNI:

There are certain situations which are said to be injurious to the eyes…The really nebulous stars are four in number, one in the left hand of Perseus (Gxy NGC1275, 28Tau20: score 6), and this one does not count because its latitude is high, and it is far from the course of the planets; a second, behind the Aselli on the surface of Cancer (Praesepe, the Beehive: 6), this has to be reckoned with; a third is behind the 19th mansion of the Moon…the venom of the Scorpion (Shaula, 24Sag18: score 4), and this is of the number; a fourth, as is the tip of the arrow of Sagittarius (Al Nasl, 0Cap59: only 4 (+ 1 next degree), but Mercury/Neptune cnj, Bhopal); again small stars in a group have a cloudy effect such as Hak’ah, the 5th mansion of the Moon which is composed of 3 stars in the head of Orion (Meissa, 23Gem20, Al Hak’ah, 23Gem26, Phi2, 23Gem51: score, 5). Ptolemy regarded them as cloudy, but they need not be included on account of their high latitude. The Pleiades (29Tau43, score 6) also resemble Hak’ah and belong to this series since their latitude is low, the Moon passes them and the Sun also comes near them. The dangerous places in the animal signs are those like the sting of Scorpius…the point of the arrow of Sagittarius [these positions have already been given] and the sharp tail of Capricorn (Nashira, 21Aqu 36: score 5), because its hinder end is fish-like. The hinder end of Leo (Chort, 13Vir09: 6) is also included, as is the star between the eyes of Scorpius (Kow/Kin, 3Sag34: score 6) and the water below Aquarius.

We know of no nebulous star towards the hinder end of Leo except the tuft between his tail and the Great Bear…which is composed of small stars non-luminous, looking like a cloud shaped like an ivy-leaf, the ‘hulbah’ of the Arabs, or tuft of the Lion’s tail (here al-Biruni probably does not mean Denebola, the present “tail of the lion” star, but the tail-tuft of a huge Arab lion that encompassed the stars and nebulae of what is now Coma Berenices: Gamma Coma, 23Vir36, score 8; 11 Coma, 27Vir09, score 11; Black Eye Nebula, M64 in Coma, 3Lib39, score 6; 36 Coma, 6Lib07, score 6). Its northern latitude is twice as great as the south latitude of Hak’ah, and therefore we think that it cannot be reckoned in this series…The stars between the eyes of Scorpius (probably Kow & Kin, 3Sag34, score 6) extend from the diadem to the heart, and are scattered luminous stars. The water under Aquarius is composed of 4 small stars near each other situated below the point where the beginning of the flow of water is pictured. Some people call this place the Urn of Aquarius (general area of Catabhishaj, 11Pisc18: score of 7), but there are no stars there, and so an Urn is assumed in the hand of the man from which the water flows…

(Al-Biruni rejected, out of hand, those areas “said to be injurious to the eyes” that are far from the ecliptic, but he was mistaken in this, as can be seen in the scores they engendered.)

Summary:

Only element mentioned by all four: Praesepe, the Beehive, in the Crab. Praesepe is now at 7 Leo, which had a score of 6; one degree later (S Asellus, Delta Cancri, + others) there were 7; put the 2 degree sets together, and you have a very high score (13).

Lilly mentions Oculus Sagittarii, while Manilius says the Sag Centaur has only one eye. Oculus is the Globular Cluster Facies, M22 Sagittarii, 8 Cap: I have a score of 6 here, with 4 two degrees earlier and 5 four degrees later; there is a spot in the Archer that has many one-eyed people, but it is at the rump: Terebellum, Omega Sagittarii (26 Cap).

Al-Biruni, Lilly & Ptolemy mention Coma: Lilly mentions a Coma position at 16 Virgo, which would now be 21, but the Coma star nearest, 2 Comae at 21Vi47, has only one blind so far; there is, however, a high score at Gamma Comae, 23Vir36; Ptolemy mentions “the parts of Leo around the Coma Berenices”- this would be the tail area of Leo: Denebola, the end of the tail, is 21Vi20, so Gamma Coma is in this area, & it is among the high numbers (9) on this list.

Al-Biruni, Lilly & Ptolemy mention the Pleiades; Alcyone, its major star (at 29 Taurus 43 in 1980) had a score of 7; but the later stars in the cluster are already in 0 Gemini, and that degree has a score of 10, giving this famous nebulous cluster a very high score of 17! (see final paragraph, below, concerning Hyades).

Manilius says the Crab lacks eyes (Ptolemy mentions stars in the Crab’s eyes, but says nothing about blindness related to them). The area where the Crab’s eyes would be (13 & 16 Leo) is a high-scoring blindness area.

Ptolemy mentions the pitcher (urn) of Aquarius; Al-Biruni and Lilly have the “streame or wave of Aquarii”- i.e. the water pouring from the urn (now 1st 2/3 of tropical Pisces); research confirms that 5 of the degrees here are higher-than- average eye problem areas (3, 5, 6, 11, and 18 Pisces).

Ptolemy and Al-Biruni mention the arrow point of Sagittarius (Al Nasl, Gamma), now 1 Cap (there are also 3 major nebulae at this degree). There was not a very high score here (4) (+ 1 next degree)., but that was overwhelmed by the fact that at the 1984 Bhopal disaster (200,000 maimed and/or blinded) there was a Mercury/Neptune conjunction here! They also mention the Scorpion’s sting: 24 Sag. A very moderate score (4) turned up here.

Lilly mentions Cor Scorpii (Antares), 9 -10 Sag: only 2 blind turned up there, but 3 degrees earlier and 2 degrees later are high scoring stars, & since Lilly was probably not being as tight with orbs as I am (1°) , we could say he was correct.

Lilly alone associates the “Milkie Way” with eye problems. It is impossible to give precise boundaries to the Milky Way, which is the visible local arm of our galaxy; as best as I can figure, from Norton’s Star Atlas, it now crosses the ecliptic at approximately 22 Gemini to 8 Cancer, 15-23 Sagittarius, and 29 Sagittarius to 9 Capricorn (tropical). (This means that there are two degree areas, at about 22-23 tGemini-Sagittarius , and 29 tGemini-Sagittarius thru 8 tCancer-Capricorn, that have the Milky Way at both ends, forming an axis). As far as I can tell, Lilly was correct in this.

Lilly mentioned nebulous and cloudy stars at least 3 times; of 105 sets of stars (i.e. degrees) w/4 or more eye problem examples, 34, or 1/3, contained nebulae or galaxies & open clusters, which would have seemed nebulous before the powerful telescopes of the 20th century, so this seems to confirm Lilly once more.

Lilly: Girdle of Orion (belt stars): Alnitak, Alnilam & Mintaka run from 22-24 Gem; the first two have 6 and 5 examples respectively, affirming Lilly’s opinion; Mintaka, only 2; it is interesting that Alnilam shares a degree with Meissa, Lambda Orionis, in the Hunter’s head, mentioned by Al-Biruni. One of the Orion myths says he was blinded by the King of Chios when he tried to elope with Princess Merope; it is possible that the myth grew out of the effect of these stars.

From The Treatise on the Bright Fixed Stars by Anonymous of 379, “Concerning the Injurious Degrees Which are Damaging to the Eyes” pp 14-15: “…cloud-like clusters…especial ly about the small cloud of Cancer (Praesepe).. .and the Pleiades of Taurus…upon the arrow of Sagittarius. ..upon the cloud-like cluster at the eye of Sagittarius (probably Al Nasl and Ain al Rami)…or upon the stinger of Scorpio (Shaula?)… upon the mane of Leo (Algieba?), and upon the north one (-?) and upon the pitcher of Aquarius…and upon the spike of Capricorn…” (probably the tail).

I was not surprised to find confirmation of the opinions of these great authorities of the past; what did astonish me was that there were other stars with (in some cases) higher scores! Alpheratz, for instance, Andromeda’s head-10 blind; Prima Hyadum, the brightest of the stars in the Bull’s face, which shares a degree with the California Nebula in Perseus, came up with 17 examples! (This is just 5 degrees past the Pleiades, so the ancients may have considered it all part of the same area). Rho Hydrae in the Water Snake’s head//Xi Cancri, the Crab’s eye//Acubens, in the Crab’s claw are all at 13 Leo – the score here was 9. Apparently, the Virgin was blind, for Pi and Omicron Virginis, the stars that would be where her eyes might be placed, are both at 27 Virgo, and Labrum, Delta Crateris in the Cup, Alkaid, Eta Ursae Majoris at the tail of the Bear (Dipper), Zavijava, Beta Virginis in the Virgin’s wing, and 11 Comae Berenices, all running from 26.5-27 Virgo, share this star-set, and a score of 11 blind! Since the Virgin, to the Greeks, was Justicia, the Goddess of Justice who is often depicted blindfolded, this may make some sense, and again, we have a sky-figure (apparently) created to fit the effects of births with planets here.

© 1997 Diana K Rosenberg Revised, updated 9 17 1999

Al Biruni, The Book of Instruction in the Elements of the Art of Astrology:

PLACES INJURIOUS TO THE EYES

(pages 272 and 273 combined)

460. Ma al‑mawadi al‑dallah ala al‑afat fi al’ain.

There are certain situations which are said to be injurious to the eyes. These have nothing to do with the signs, although some people say that there is a hint of this action in Libra and Scorpius, but they are places which contain certain nebulous stars, or certain animal figures from other constellations which are able to cause this injury. The really nebulous stars are four in number, one in the left hand of Perseus, and this one does not count because its latitude is high, and it is far from the course of the planets; a second, behind the Aselli on the surface of Cancer, this has to be reckoned with; a third is behind the 19th mansion of the moon, which is described in books dealing with the heliacal rising of the stars (Kutub al‑anwa 166) as the venom (humah) of the Scorpion, and this is of the number, a fourth, as is the tip1 of the arrow of Sagittarius; again small stars in a group have a cloudy effect such as Haq’ah the 5th mansion of the moon which is composed of three stars in the head of Orion. Ptolemy regarded them as cloudy, but they need not be included on account of their high latitude. The Pleiades also resemble Haq’ah and belong to this series since their latitude is low, the moon passes by them and the sun also comes near them. Now those two luminaries represent the two eyes and their action vision.

The dangerous places in the animal signs are those like the sting of Scorpius. nishtar P, the (point of the P) arrow, nushaba of Sagittarius, and the shaukah sharp tail of Capricorn, because its hinder end is fish‑like. The hinder end of Leo is also included, as is the star between the eyes of Scorpius and the water below Aquarius masabb al‑ma’. We know of no nebulous star towards the hinder end of Leo except the tuft between his tail and the Great Bear known as dafirah, which is composed of small stars non‑luminous, looking like a cloud shaped like an ivy‑leaf, the ‘hulba’ of the Arabs, or tuft of the lion’s tail. Its northern latitude is twice as great as the south latitude of Haq’ah, and therefore we think that it cannot be reckoned in this series, besides the dangerous weapons of the lion are his teeth and claws, not his tail. The stars between the eyes of Scorpius extend from the diadem to the heart, and are scattered luminous stars. The water under Aquarius is composed of four small stars near each other situated below the point where the beginning of the flow of water is pictured. Some people call this place the urn of Aquarius, but there are no stars there, and so an urn is assumed in the hand of the man from which the water flows, just as a sword is assumed in the night hand of Perseus.

Our foregoers settled the position of these stars in their time, since which 600 years have elapsed; we however show them in their present position (1340 of the era of Alexander) but it must be remembered that their position increases by a degree every 66 years,2 i.e. approximately a minute a year.

This is the table, and God is all-knowing.

Note 1: Several MSS have ‘ain for sinn.

Note 2: About 72 ‑ The addition of 12º30′ to the above figure gives approximately the present longitude of these stars .

Antochus of Athens, The Thesaurus (late 2nd Century CE): Part I, 6:

Concerning zoidia which are Harmful to the Eyes

zoidia which are harmful to the eyes are Taurus by means of the Pleiades, Cancer by means of the nebula (Praesepe),

Scorpio by means of the sting, Sagittarius by means of the point, Capricorn by means of the spike, Aquarius by means

of the pitcher (urn), and Leo in part.

Dorotheus of Sidon, Carmen Astrologicam (probably 1st century CE); translated by David Pingree, Part IV, 1, page 93

[in relation to sight – “darkness in the eye”] Dorotheus lists: “The mane of the lion in Leo 18 degrees, the stinger of the scorpion in 23 degrees of Scorpio, the face of the scorpion and its eyes in 8 degrees, 9 degrees and 10 degrees of Scorpio, the point of the arrow in 3 degrees of Sagittarius, the Pleiades in 6 degrees up to the ninth degree of Taurus, …the 9th degree of Cancer.”

The back cover of Pingree’s book states that Dorotheus “flourished in the 1st century AD” – the precession correction span for that century to 1980 (1 AD to 99 AD) would be about 27° 37′ to 26° 15′ (rounded off, about 27°).

Using the Scorpion’s stinger (Shaula, Lambda Sco, 24Sag18 in 1980) as a guide, the correction from his 23 Scorpio to 1980 would have to be 31°; using 27° would take his 23 Scorp would take us to 20 Sag in 1980, not a high-scoring area, and 4 degrees from the sting.

Using the Pleiades (1980: 28 Taur – 0 Gem), Dorotheus has 6 to 9 Taurus, which would correct to about 3 to 6 Gemini in 1980; this is indeed a very high scoring blindness area, but it is not the Pleiades, it is, rather, the Hyades. For his span for the Pleiades to work, the correction would have to be about 22°!

The Scorpion’s head: Dorotheus has 8-10 Scorpio, which would correct to 5 to 7 Sag; this is a moderatly high-scoring area (score 5). His head (1980) actually runs from about 2Sag18 to 3Sag35 (score 7)

Dorotheus has the Lion’s mane as 18 Leo – this corrects to about 15 Virgo, which is the area of the Lion’s hindquarters! (score about 5-6) Algieba, Gamma Leonis (in the mane) is (1980), 29Leo20; so here again, there is a considerable discrepancy between Dorotheus’ description of the area’s place in a constellation and the degree he gives for it.

His 9 Cancer fragment (about 6 Leo in 1980) has a moderately high score of 7 (area of Praesepe, 6Leo55)

All in all, it would be best to use other authorities.”

 

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